Myths & Facts

MYTHS & FACTS
FAAMATALAGA MONI E FAATATAU I TUI PUIPUI

O nisi nei o mau faasaienisi e faatatau i le faama’i o le misela ma tuitui puipui mo le misela e taua ona malamalama lelei iai . O nei mau e fa’avae mai i fautuaga mai le Matagaluega o le Soifua maloloina i Samoa ma le Faalapotopotoga  o le Soifua Maloloina o le Lalolagi (WHO -World Health Organisation) e ala i su’esu’ega na fa’atinoina.

Some key facts about measles and vaccination, given by the Ministry of Health and World Health Organization.

About 97 out of 100 people who are vaccinated with 2 doses of measles vaccine      are protected against this serious disease. Billions have safely received measles vaccine in the last 50 years, preventing over 21 million deaths in the last 20 years alone. This is why the Ministry of Health is currently undertaking a national measles vaccination campaign to protect those who are most at risk of getting measles and experiencing serious complications, including deafness, blindness, severe brain damage, and death.      This campaign will vaccinate young babies and children up to the age of 19 years, and women of childbearing age against measles and rubella, a similar disease that can cause devastating birth defects.

O le to’atele o tagata (97/100) ua faia o latou tui puipui e lua(MR - Misela, Rupela po’o le MMR - Misela, Mami, Rupela ) mo le faama’i  o le misela, ua saogalemu mai le fa’ama’i.  E faitau piliona le to’atele o tagata ua faia o latou tui puipui i le misela ma sa molimauina le saogalemu o lenei tui puipui i tausaga e 50 ua mavae atu. Mai lea fuainumera, e silia ma le 21 miliona le faitau aofa’i o tagata  ua fa’asaoina o latou soifua i le lalolagi atoa i totonu lava na’o le 20 tausaga talu ai.  O le mafua’aga lea ua fa’amautuina ai le finagalo o le Malo o Samoa ma le Matagaluega o le Soifua maloloina, e faatinoina se polokalame e fa’agasolo  i nu’u ma afioaga e puipui ai tagata e maualuga le tulaga e ono a’afia ai i le misela aemaise a’afiaga tūgā e pei o le a’afia o le fa’alogo pe tutuli, tauaso pe po le vaai, a’afia le faiai ma i’u ai ina maliu. O le fa’amoemoe ia fai tui puipui o tamaiti 6 masina i le 19 tausaga, ma tama’ita’i 20 i le 35 tausaga le matutua. O le faia o tui puipui o le misela ma le rupela (MR) o tama’ita’i ona o a’afiaga ogaoga pe a to.

Measles can be prevented through vaccination. This is because the vaccine helps your immune system fight the virus more efficiently by sparking your immune response to specific diseases. Then, if a vaccinated person is exposed to the virus in the future, your immune system will already know how to fight it. This is called immunity.  

E puipuia oe e le tui puipui mai le misela. E fesoasoani le tui puipui e fa’amalosia le puipuiga fa’ale-natura o lou tino e tete’e atu i lea fa’amai. A uma ona fai  lou tui puipui, ma pipisi ane le fa’amai ia te oe, e te le toe a’afia ai, aua ua malosi lelei le puipuiga fa’ale-natura e tete’e atu ai i le fa’amai o le misela.

Measles spreads through the air and is so infectious that an unvaccinated person can become infected by entering a room up to 2 hours after an infected person has left. However, when you and enough people in your community are vaccinated against infectious diseases like measles, these diseases are prevented from spreading or causing outbreaks. This is called herd immunity. Communities need herd immunity as this provides the best protection against a disease from spreading and infecting the most vulnerable members of our community who can’t be vaccinated, like young babies under 6 months, unvaccinated pregnant women or individuals with certain health conditions.

O le misela o se siama vairasi e pipisi tele ma feavea’ia e le ea. E faigofie ona pipisi atu i le tagata e le’i faia sona tui puipui mai le tagata o lo’o a’afia i le misela pe a ulufale i totonu o le potu o le ua a’afia, e tusa pe ua 2 itula talu ona alu ese le tagata ua a’afia. Ae afai e to’atele pe 95% o tagata o le atunuu ua uma ona fai o latou tui puipui, o le a mafai ona taofia ma fa’aititia le pipisi tele o le misela ona ua to’atele ua puipuia o latou malosiaga fa’alenatura. O le vaega lea e ta’ua o le puipuiga malosi lautele o tagata (herd immunity), e ala lea i le toatele o tagata ua faia o latou tui puipui. E taua ma e mana’omia le fai uma o tui puipui o tagata o se atunu’u ina ia puipuia ai mai fa’ama’i pipisi aemaise lava i latou e maualuga le tulaga e ono a’afia ai e pei o pepe ma fanau laiti (i lalo ifo o le 6 masina) , tina ma tama’itai to, ma tagata ta’ito’atasi o lo’o iai ni gasegase tumau pe ogaoga e le tatau ai ona fai o latou tui puipui.

Vaccines help a person’s immune system create a protection against specific diseases. However, not everyone’s immune system responds in the same way, and for some, their response to a vaccine might not be enough to create immunity and protect them from the disease. Also, a person can still get measles, even if they are vaccinated, if they were infected before they were vaccinated.

O le tui puipui e fesoasoani i lou puipuiga fa’ale-natura e tete’e atu ai i ni fa’ama’i. Ae peita’i, e le’o tagata uma e malolosi o latou puipuiga fa’ale-natura e tali atu i le tui puipui. A fa’avaivaia lou tino pe le malosi lou puipuiga fa’alenatura e le mafai ona tete’e atu i se fa’ama’i. E mafai lava ona toe maua so’o se tagata i le misela tusa pe sa fai le tui puipui ma maua i le misela muamua ae le to’atele se fuainumera e ono a’afia.

Vaccines do not make a child sick with the disease and does not weaken their immune system. Instead vaccines help their bodies develop their natural defence mechanisms to protect again these diseases. Being vaccinated against one disease also does not weaken the immune response to another disease and there is no evidence of vaccination causing a child to develop allergic, autoimmune and respiratory diseases later in life. 

E le a’afia le ola o se tamaitiiti pe fa’avaivaia lona puipuiga fa’ale-natura pe a fai se tui puipui. E fesoasoani tele le tui puipui e fa’amalosia le tino ma le puipuiga fa’ale-natura o le tamaitiiti e tete’e ai i fa’ama’i. Afai e fai le tui puipui e tete’e ai i se isi fa’ama’i, e le fa’aitiitia ai le malosiaga o le puipuiga fa’alenatura e tete’e ai i seisi fa’ama’i. E leai fo’i se fa’amaumauga e fa’amaonia ai e iai ni a’afiaga o le tui puipui i se tamaitiiti pe a’afia ai lona ola.

Vaccines are safe. All vaccines go through rigorous safety testing, including clinical trials where they are tested on thousands of      volunteers before they are approved for use by the public. It can take up to 20 years for a new vaccine to complete this process. After a person is vaccinated they may experience some minor reactions which are minor and temporary, such as a sore arm or mild fever. You are 100 times more likely to be struck by lightning than to have a serious allergic reaction to a measles vaccine.

E sa’ogalemu so’o se tui puipui. O tui puipui sa fa’atinoina ni su’esu’ega auiliili fa’asaienisi ma sa fa’aaogaina le afe o tagata e fa’amautinoa ai le aoga ma le saogalemu ae le’i aloaia ma fa’atagaina lona fa’aaogaina. E le atoa le 20 tausaga o so’o se tui puipui fou e fa’atino ai le fa’amautinoaina o lona su’esu’ega fa’asaienisi. E iai nai auga laiti e ono alia’e ma fa’alogoina pe a mae’a ona faia le tui puipui e pei o le tiga o le vaega o le tino na fai ai le tui ma le fiva. E le tele ni a’afiaga po’o ni auga e vaaia ma fa’alogoina pe a uma ona fai le tui puipui.

In certain circumstances, WHO recommends children are provided vitamin A supplements when they are vaccinated. However, vitamins such as A and C are not a replacement to vaccination as they do not provide immunity or      protect you against vaccine-preventable diseases, like measles.   

E iai le taimi e pei ona fautuaina ai e le Fa’alapotopotoga o le Soifua Maloloina o le lalolagi (WHO), le fa’aaogaina e tamaiti o le Vaitamini A e lagolago ai i le faia o le tui puipui.  Ae peita’i, e le mafai e togafitiga e fa’aaoga ai Vaitamini A po’o le C ona sui tulaga le tui puipui, aua ua na’o le tui puipui e iai lona malosiaga e fa’amalosia le puipuiga fa’ale-natura o le tagata e mafai ona tete’e ai i fa’ama’i pipisi e pei o le misela.

Fa’ata’ita’iga o le Vaitamini A , Vaitamini C

Whilst traditional medicine, like lau nonu or lau ti, can be used to help relieve a person’s symptoms if they have measles, it will not protect them against getting measles. Individuals, in particular parents with young babies’ sick with measles, need to remain on high alert for the danger signs of measles and report immediately to the hospital if they are experiencing these.

O le fa’aaogaina o lauti ma launonu mo le fa’amaluina o le tino pe a fiva e aoga tele, ae le mafai ai ona puipuia oe mai le misela pe a fa’aaoga ni fofo Samoa. E tatau ona matua mataala matua, aemaise lava i le mata’ituina o fanau laiti pe a ua alia’e ni a’afiaga tūgā o le misela, ina ia vave vaai se foma’i po’o se falema’i lata ane.

Many diseases, including measles, can spread regardless of how clean we are. Measles spreads through the air, so i     f people are not vaccinated, or have not previously had measles, they can catch measles anywhere.

O le tele o fa’ama’i e aofia ai ma le misela, e pipisi tusa pe tumama i taimi uma. O le siama vairasi o le misela e feaveai’a e le ea, ma so’o se tagata e le i faia lona tui puipui pe e le’i maua muamua i le misela e mafai lava ona pesia i le misela i so’o se nofoaga.

There is no evidence of a link between measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine (or any other vaccine) and autism or autistic disorders. A 1998 study which raised concerns about a possible link between MMR vaccine and autism was later found to be fraudulent and the paper has been retracted by the journal that published it. The author of this paper, Andrew Wakefield, was found guilty of serious professional misconduct by General Medical Council in 2010 and can no longer practice medicine in the United Kingdom. Over the last twenty years, over 50 scientific studies have examined this question, including several million children in total, and concluded that there is no link between vaccines or vaccine components, and autism.

E le o iai se fa’amaoniga o se feso’otaiga i le tui puipui o le MMR (Misela, Mami, Rupela) e mafua ai se tasi o manaoga tumau po’o ni a’afiaga o se manaoga tumau o le mafaufau (autism/autistic disorders). O se tasi o su’esu’ega na fa’atinoina i le tausaga 1998 ma maua ai se mau i se feso’otaiga o le manaoga tumau o le mafaufau (autism) e mafua i le tui puipui o le MMR na avea ma popolega o tagata. Peita’i ane, e sese ma e leai se fa’amaoniga o lenei mau, ma i’u ai ina aveese lea tala ua salalau i tusitusiga a le au tusitala. O le tusitala o lenei pepa/mau na faia e se tasi o ali’i foma’i o Andrew Wakefield ma i’u ai ina aveese lona laisene fa’afoma’i i le tausaga 2010 e le Fono Aoao a Foma’i ona o nei mau sese.

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